One of the African countries that was never colonised by the Europeans, Ethiopia was first founded as a country in 980 BC by the D’mt Kingdom. Some of the oldest skeletal evidences for anatomically modern humans has been discovered in Ethiopia, a clear indication that Ethiopia is one of the world's oldest countries.
2. San Marino
San Marino is one of the oldest and smallest countries in the world. Its existence can be dated back to 300 CE when Saint Marinus, the founder, escaped from Croatia for religious persecution and engaged in the rebuilding of city walls of Rimini after their destruction by Liburnian pirates.
One of the oldest countries in the world, Portugal came into existence in 1139CE and before it was named Portugal, the country passed through the hands of many empires and civilizations. Its borders have barely changed since 1297CE when the Portuguese and Spanish signed a treaty handing over the Algarve to Portugal.
Egypt is one of the world's oldest countries. With a unified dynasty first surging up around 3100 BC, the country is home to one of the earliest and greatest civilizations in the world.
China is regarded as the oldest country in the Asian continent and one of the oldest in the world. The country became one of the world’s first civilizations in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the Northern plain. The first empire of the nation was established by The Qin Dynasty in the third century.